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                                                  冲浪:国王的行为

                                                  更新日期: 2018-07-03 16:18 来源 :博天堂娱乐手机版

                                                  Surfing: The Sport of Kings

                                                  2005/09/28 21:48  《第一英语》杂志


                                                  Surfing: The Sport of Kings

                                                    Hundreds of places in the world have huge blue waves, white sand beaches, and beautiful young people carrying surfboards. But, when people think of surfing, many first think of Hawaii, U.S.A. Not only because Hawaii has some of the best, and most dangerous, surfing in the world, but also because the Polynesians, natives (1) of the island of Hawaii, were the first people to surf.

                                                    Historians believe that Hawaii natives migrated (2) from other Polynesian islands, including Tahiti, where the islanders are known to have ridden waves as they stretched out along on a board. While the first Hawaiian surfers may have ridden their long boards on their stomachs, we know that they soon started standing on the board. How do we know? They carved pictures of men standing on surfboards on lava rocks. They also passed chants from generation to generation that told of amazing surfing feats (3). They wanted to make sure the younger members of the tribe never forget the heroics (4) of their ancestors (5). In addition, explorers from other countries recorded seeing Hawaiians surfing hundreds of years ago.

                                                    The famous explorer Captain Cook died in Hawaii, but a member of his crew recorded the bravery and excellent skills of the local Hawaiian surfers. Many European sailors could not even swim at that time, so imagine how impressed they were to see surfers moving across the water at such a high speeds! It is thought that the chiefs and leaders of the Hawaiian native people used surfing as a means to show off their strength and agility (6), and to intimidate (7) and impress others. Traditionally, the ruling class had better crafted and more elaborate boards to show others their status and great importance. Making a surfboard had special steps. For example, a religious leader would say a prayer before the tree was cut down.

                                                    Today people around the world love to surf. People of all shapes and sizes, rich or poor, can try their hands at surfing. Basic equipment is affordable (8), and once a surfer buys his board, all he need is some waves!

                                                    WORD KEY

                                                    1. native adjective 当地的

                                                    2. migrate verb 迁徙

                                                    3. feats noun 武艺, 收获

                                                    4. heroics noun 大胆

                                                    5. ancestors noun 祖先

                                                    6. agility noun 火速的本领

                                                    7 intimidate verb 吓唬

                                                    8 affordable adjective岂论贫富

                                                  冲浪:国王行为

                                                    天下上有成百上千的处所可以看到兰色的巨浪、白色的海滩和扛着冲浪板身着时髦泳装的帅男靓女们。然而,当谈到冲浪时,人们起首想到的老是美国的夏威夷,由于夏威夷拥有天下上最好的、最伤害的冲浪行为,并且还由于夏威夷岛的本族人珀利尼西亚人被公以为是最早拥有站在木版上破浪提高的艺术的。

                                                    汗青学家们以为早期的夏威夷殖民者是从其余的珀利尼西亚诸岛移民过来的,个中包罗塔希提岛,岛上的住民听说在沿着木板舒展时是踏浪提高的。最早的夏威夷冲浪者是把肚子贴在长板上提高的,我们此刻知道他们第二步才站起来的。什么缘故起因呢?他们在熔岩上镌刻运带动站在冲浪板上的画面,以此来记录对这项行为的热爱,他们一代接一代传唱让人们想起高深冲浪武艺的圣歌,旨在提示部族的年青人永久不要健忘祖先的英富丽志。固然夏威夷本族人的汗青已大部门流失,,其余国度的试探者照旧找到了几百年前夏威夷人冲浪的记录。

                                                    闻名的探险家库克船长在时归天了,他的一位忠实的海员记录了他所见证的冲浪者的大胆和高深武艺,思量到很多欧洲水手谁人时辰乃至还不会游泳,你可以想象获适当他们看到冲浪者以那么快的速率划过水面的时辰印象该是何等深刻呀。听说夏威夷本族人的首领把冲浪看成一种表现力气和火速的本领,威慑那些向他们的率领提出挑衅的那些人,加深冲浪同胞们的印象。传统上,统治阶层行使的板做工较量美丽,用以向他人展示他们的职位和重要性, 乃至冲浪板的建造都有非凡的礼节,宗教领将做祷告,数砍倒之前要先向它纳贡一些鱼,虽然,为国王、或敢于拿本身的生命在急浪中冒险的重要人物做冲浪板,这使命可就不是那么轻松了。

                                                    本日,想要去冲浪的你可以不必很有钱,也可以不必很着名。究竟上,全部体形和巨细的人,岂论贫富,都可以去实行冲浪。冲浪的根基装备相对来嗣魅照旧可以买得起的,一旦冲浪手买好了必备的器材,守候的就是那些惊涛骇浪了。


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